The Entlebuch Mountain Dogs are the smallest of the four Swiss Mountain and cattle dog breeds.
They originate from Entlebuch, a valley located in Lucerne and Bern cantons. The first description under the name “Entlibucherhund” dates from the year 1889, but for a considerable time after that date, no difference was made between Appenzell and Entlebuch Mountain or cattle dogs.
In the year 1913 four examples of this small herding dog with congenital bobtail were exhibited at the dog show in Langenthal and presented to Prof.Dr.Albert Heim, the great promoter of the Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dog breeds. On account of the judges’ reports, they were entered into the Swiss Canine Stud Book (SHSB) as the fourth Mountain and Cattle Dog breed. However, the first standard was only completed in 1927. After August 28th 1926, the date of the foundation of the Swiss Club of Entlebuch Cattle Dogs initiated by Dr. B. Kobler, this breed was promoted and continued as purebred. As the small number of entries into the SHSB (Swiss Stud Book) shows, the breed developed only slowly.
The Entlebuch Mountain and Cattle Dogs received renewed impetus when, apart from their hereditary qualities as lively, tireless driving dogs, their outstanding suitability as utility and companion dogs were proved. Today, still on a modest scale, these attractive tricoloured dogs have found their admirers and enjoy increased popularity as family dogs.
The growth of the Entlebuch Mountain Dogs is fast and without the difficulties of a large breed dog.
However, during the first months it is recommended not to make them jump, and avoid slippery floors and stairs. We must also watch the games with other dogs, in order to prevent them from being too brutal. Their cartilages are fragile during the growth stage. And paying attention to this is the owner’s responsibility, since they will do anything to have fun. Prevention is better than cure.
Their education is simple. They are dogs who are always ready to obey orders and do everything with your complicity. Of course, you also need to know how to be firm, because sometimes it will be necessary.
He can eat once or twice a day. Preferably twice a day (morning and evening) if you are sporty. And obviously, prevent them to run after the bowl.
Besides their maintenance care, it is necessary to remember about worming them twice a year if they are adults and treating them against ticks during summertime.
Your breeder will guide you in your first few months, and you can consult doubts later as well.
As for us, we are delighted to inform our clients at all times, to the extent that our experience allows us; and we love to receive news and photographs, so that we can follow together your dog’s adventures.
Standard F.C.I. N°47 / 28.06.2002 / F
ENTLEBUCH MOUNTAIN OR CATTLE DOG
TRANSLATION: Mrs. C. Seidler.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID STANDARD: 28.11.2001.
UTILIZATION: Driving-, watch-, guard-, and farm dog. Today also a versatile working and agreeable family dog.
FCI-CLASSIFICATION: Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid breeds-Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
Section 3 Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
Without working trial.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Only just medium-sized, compactly built dog of slightly elongated shape. Tricolour like all the Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs, very agile and deft; alert, clever and friendly facial expression.
•Ratio of height at withers to length of the body = 8 : 10.
•Ratio of length of muzzle to length of the skull = 9 : 10.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT: Lively, high-spirited, self-assured and fearless. Good-natured and devoted towards people familiar to him, slightly suspicious of strangers. Cannot be bribed as a watch dog. Cheerful and capable of learning.
HEAD: In harmonious proportion to the body, slightly wedge-shaped, clean. Head planes of muzzle and skull more or less parallel.
Skull: Rather flat, relatively broad, broadest between set-on of ears; slightly tapering towards muzzle. Occipital bone barely visible. Frontal furrow barely pronounced.
Stop: Barely pronounced.
Nose: Black, protruding slightly over front edge of lips.
Muzzle: Strong, well chiselled, clearly set off from forehead and cheeks, tapering evenly but not pointed. Slightly shorter than distance from stop to occipital protuberance.
Bridge of nose: straight.
Jaws/Teeth: Strong, regular and complete scissor bite. Even bite tolerated. Absence of one or two PM1 (premolar 1) tolerated. Absence of M3 (molar 3) not taken into consideration.
Cheeks: Barely pronounced.
Eyes: Rather small, roundish, dark brown to hazel. Expression lively, friendly, alert. Eyelids well fitting. Black pigmentation on rims.
Ears: Not too big. Set on high and relatively wide. Flaps pendulous, triangular, well rounded at tip. Firm, well developed ear-cartilage. In repose lying flat and close to head; when alert, slightly raised at set-on and turned forward.
NECK: Of medium length, strong and clean, merging smoothly with the body.
BODY: Strong, slightly elongated.
Back: Straight, firm, broad, relatively long.
Loins: Strong, supple, not too short.
Croup: Sloping slightly, relatively long.
Chest: Broad, deep, reaching to the elbows. Pronounced fore chest. Ribs moderately rounded. Ribcage extended, roundish-oval in diameter.
Lower line and Belly: Slight tuck up.
•Natural tail set on in continuation of the gently sloping croup.
General appearance: Strongly muscled but not too heavy. Forelegs placed neither too wide nor too close together; forelegs short, sturdy, straight, parallel and placed well under the body.
Shoulders: Muscular, shoulder blade long, slanting and well attached to the body.
Upper arm: Length equal or slightly shorter than shoulder blade. Angle to shoulder blade about 110-120 degrees.
Elbows: Well attached to the body.
Forearm: Relatively short, straight, well boned, clean.
Pastern: Seen from the front in straight continuation of the forearm; seen from the side very slightly angulated. Relatively short.
Well-muscled. Seen from behind hind legs not too close together, straight and parallel.
Upper thigh: Fairly long. Forming a rather wide angle with the lower thigh at the stifle joint. Thighs broad and strong.
Lower thigh: Approximately equal length to upper thigh, clean.
Hock joint: Strong, set relatively low, well angulated.
Hock: Fairly short, sturdy, vertical and parallel in position.
Dewclaws must be removed, except in those countries where the removal is prohibited by law.
FEET: Roundish, with tight, well arched toes, pointing straight forward. Nails short and strong. Pads coarse and robust.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: Ground covering, free, easy movement with strong drive from rear. Seen from front or rear, legs track in a straight line.
HAIR: Double coat (Stockhaar). Topcoat short, close fitting, harsh and shiny. Undercoat dense. Slightly wavy hair on withers and/or back tolerated, but not desirable.
COLOUR AND MARKINGS: Typically tricolour. Basic colour black with “yellow- to reddish-brown” tan markings which should be as symmetric as possible. The tan markings are placed above the eyes, on cheeks, on muzzle and throat, on either side of chest and on all four legs. On the legs the tan markings are situated between the black and the white. Undercoat dark grey to brownish.
•Distinct small with blaze which runs without interruption from top of the head over the bridge of nose and can wholly or partially cover the muzzle.
•White from chin over throat without interruption to chest.
•White on all four feet.
•On a long tail white tip desirable.
Undesirable but tolerated: small white patch on nape of neck (not more than half the size of a palm).
HEIGHT AND WEIGHT:
Height at withers: Dogs 44-50 cm, tolerance up to 52 cm.
Female dogs 42-48 cm, tolerance up to 50 cm.
FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
•Lack of typical sex-specific appearance.
•Bone too coarse or too fine.
•Stop too defined.
•Muzzle short, too long or snippy; nasal bridge not straight.
•Mouth very slightly undershot.
•Absence of teeth other than 2 PM1 (premolars 1).
•Eyes too light, too sunken or protruding.
•Eyelids slightly slack.
•Ears too deep-set, too small or too pointed, carried standing off or folded.
•Back too short, swayback or roach back.
•Croup overbuilt or falling away.
•Chest too flat-ribbed or barrel-shaped, lacking in fore chest.
•Kinky tail; tail carried over back.
•Forequarters not sufficiently angulated.
•Forelegs turned out or crooked.
•Pastern weak, or down on pastern.
•Hindquarters not sufficiently angulated, cow-hocked or bandy legs, close behind.
•Feet longish, spread toes.
•Movement: short stride, stilted, close coming and going, weaving.
•Faults in marking:
– Interrupted blaze.
– White patch on nape of neck bigger than half of a palm.
– White distinctly reaching above pasterns (“boots”).
– White not on all 4 feet.
– White collar around the whole neck (serious fault).
– Forelegs: absence of tan between the white and the black (serious fault).
– Absence of any white on head = totally black head (very serious fault).
•Unsure behaviour, absence of liveliness, slight sharpness.
•Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
•Overshot, distinctly undershot or wry mouth.
•Yellow hawk eyes, wall eyes, blue eyes.
•Coat too long, soft (no double coat).
•Faults in colour:
– Other than tricoloured coat.
– Basic colour other than black.
•Undersize, oversize regarding tolerances.
N.B.: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.